Psychological skills training in golf: the role of individual differences in cognitive preferences

Thomas, Patrick R. and Fogarty, Gerard J. (1997) Psychological skills training in golf: the role of individual differences in cognitive preferences. The Sport Psychologist, 11 (1). pp. 86-106. ISSN 0888-4781

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[Abstract]: Individual differences in cognitive preferences were examined in analysing the effects of
imagery and self-talk training on the psychological skills and performance levels of amateur
golfers. Thirty-two men and women participated in a series of four counterbalanced training
workshops and activities conducted over 2 months in two golf clubs. A repeated measures
MANOVA revealed significant improvement on five psychological and psychomotor skills
measured by the Golf Performance Survey: Negative Emotions and Cognitions, Mental
Preparation, Automaticity, Putting Skill, and Seeking Improvement. Participants' responses to
the Sport Imagery Questionnaire and ratings of their imagery and self-talk techniques increased
significantly after training. Players also lowered their handicaps and performed significantly
better on a Golf Skills Test after training. Imagery and self-talk training benefits were not linked
to participants' cognitive preferences. The cognitive flexibility displayed by these golfers signals
the need for more research on processing preferences and has implications for practitioners
working with athletes.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. 'The authors explicitly reserve the following rights:..The right to post an electronic version of the finalized article on the authors’ own web site or web site(s) or other electronic repositories controlled by the authors’ institution, provided that the electronic version is in PDF or other image capturing format.'
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 00:32
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 22:35
Uncontrolled Keywords: golf, golfers, psychological skills, psychological skills training, cognitive preferences
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology

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