The factor structure of visual imagery and spatial abilities

Burton, Lorelle J. and Fogarty, Gerard J. (2003) The factor structure of visual imagery and spatial abilities. Intelligence, 31 (3). pp. 289-318. ISSN 0160-2896


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[Abstract]: The main aim of the present study was to examine whether a primary Imagery (IM)
factor can be identified as a separate dimension of individual differences in the spatial
ability domain. A sample of 213 participants was tested. The test battery comprised
26 markers of cognitive ability, five self-report visual imagery questionnaires, seven
experimental imagery tasks (accuracy and latency measures), and two creative
imagery tasks. Confirmatory factor analysis of this data set supported a five-factor
oblique model with latent dimensions corresponding to Visualisation, Speeded
Rotation, Speed of Closure, and Visual Memory spatial primaries and a combined
Perceptual Speed-Closure Flexibility factor. Principal axis factor analysis of the visual
imagery data set indicated the existence of three first-order IM factors, labelled IM
Quality (defined by accuracy measures), IM Self-Report (defined by the self-report
measures), and IM Speed (defined by latency measures). A second-order confirmatory
factor analysis of these constructs suggested that the visual imagery dimensions can
be located within the spatial ability domain. The implications of these findings are

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 00:32
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 22:35
Uncontrolled Keywords: visual imagery, spatial abilities, imagery abilities, intelligence, factor structure
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170112 Sensory Processes, Perception and Performance
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170103 Educational Psychology

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