HIV/AIDS stigma attitudes among educators in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Chao, Li-Wei and Gow, Jeff ORCID: and Akintola, Olagoke and Pauly, Mark (2010) HIV/AIDS stigma attitudes among educators in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Journal of School Health, 80 (11). pp. 561-569. ISSN 0022-4391


BACKGROUND: One hundred and twenty educators from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, underwent HIV/AIDS training. The educators were surveyed about their attitudes toward people with HIV.

METHODS: The educators completed self-administered survey questionnaires both before and after 2 interventions. Measures included demographic characteristics, teachers’ knowledge about HIV/AIDS, self-efficacy in handling HIV/AIDS situations, and attitudes (stigma and otherwise) toward HIV-related issues. The first intervention was a CD-ROM and the second intervention involved educators receiving a 2-day workshop on HIV transmission, risk factors, and actions that educators should know and undertake.
The first step entailed testing the stigma instrument for its internal consistency and developing and testing potential subscales from the instrument. The second step entailed testing for the statistical associations between stigma (as measured by the stigma instrument and its subscales) and various demographic and HIV knowledge-related variables.

RESULTS: The overall stigma scale had a Cronbach α coefficient of .66. Educators in the workshop generally had lower baseline levels of stigma than those in the CD-ROM
intervention. Following both interventions, the stigma levels of both groups of educators were significantly reduced. Improvements in the general knowledge about HIV as a disease and in the specific knowledge about HIV transmission risks were both statistically significantly associated with reductions in stigma attitudes, having
controlled for educators’ baseline stigma levels and demographic profiles.

CONCLUSIONS: The levels of teachers’ stigma attitudes were statistically significantly lower after both types of HIV/AIDS training and were also statistically significantly
associated with improvements in HIV knowledge.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher's copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Business - School of Accounting, Economics and Finance (1 Apr 2007 - 31 Dec 2010)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Business - School of Accounting, Economics and Finance (1 Apr 2007 - 31 Dec 2010)
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2011 06:40
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2022 02:11
Uncontrolled Keywords: school psychology; risk behaviors; human sexuality; health educators
Fields of Research (2008): 13 Education > 1303 Specialist Studies in Education > 130313 Teacher Education and Professional Development of Educators
14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140208 Health Economics
16 Studies in Human Society > 1608 Sociology > 160805 Social Change
Fields of Research (2020): 39 EDUCATION > 3903 Education systems > 390307 Teacher education and professional development of educators
38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380108 Health economics
44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4410 Sociology > 441004 Social change
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 92 Health > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920599 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) not elsewhere classified
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