Learning and development

Pedersen, Cec and Smith, Andrew (2011) Learning and development. In: Human resource management: strategy, people, performance, 4th ed. McGraw-Hill Australia, Sydney, Australia, pp. 382-427. ISBN 9780070287112


The term 'learning and development' has emerged in Australia to describe the activities associated with the development of people in organisations. It is very closely related to training, HRD and to VET but has its own emphasis. In essence, learning and development borrows something from all three of the other fields and ultimately is tied to individual performance as part of overall organisational performance and outcomes.

Training has a rather narrow connotation. It is focused on the development of the skills of the workforce and, although it may be job oriented, training is related primarily to meeting the skills needs of the organisation.

Human Resource Development (HRD), especially in the sense developed by the ASTD (American Society for Training and Development) in the USA, is a far broader concept embracing all aspects of development that may happen in the organisation – individual, career and organisational. It forms a major part of the entire human resource management systems of organisations and frequently is considered from a dichotomous perspective, that is, about learning and performance. Simmonds & Pedersen (2006) have put forward a more contemporary definition of HRD:

HRD is a combination of structured and unstructured learning and performance-based activities which develop individual and organisational competency, capability and capacity to cope with and successfully manage change.

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Item Type: Book Chapter (Commonwealth Reporting Category B)
Refereed: No
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Chapter 11. Textbook.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Business and Law - School of Management and Marketing
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2011 11:34
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2017 04:35
Uncontrolled Keywords: HRD; human resource development; training; vocational education and training; learning and development
Fields of Research : 15 Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services > 1503 Business and Management > 150311 Organisational Behaviour
13 Education > 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy > 130213 Vocational Education and Training Curriculum and Pedagogy
13 Education > 1301 Education Systems > 130108 Technical, Further and Workplace Education
15 Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services > 1503 Business and Management > 150305 Human Resources Management
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970115 Expanding Knowledge in Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970113 Expanding Knowledge in Education
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/9425

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