Child labour and schooling in developing countries: a review of the literature

Khanam, Rasheda (2010) Child labour and schooling in developing countries: a review of the literature. International Journal of Business Research, 10 (3). pp. 137-142. ISSN 1555-1296


This paper shows that there is a trade-off between child labour and schooling. The costs (both direct and indirect cost) and benefits from education are considered by parents in making schooling and child labour decisions. Evidence seems to support the view that although some work can help children to acquire human capital (in the form of on-the-job training, and the money earned from child labour makes school possible for children themselves), in general, child labour lowers the acquisition of education and human capital. Moreover, the adverse effect of child labour on schooling outcomes is likely to be increased if a child spends more time on labour activities outside the home. Easy and improved access to the credit market can significantly increase school attendance and reduce child labour. Income transfer programmes, targeting the households living below poverty line, can help to stimulate demand for education by reducing the cost of education. The introduction of compulsory schooling in a given period and retributive taxation from adults to elderly people in the following period could be an effective strategy to eradicate child labour. Therefore, it has been found that an increase in the supply of education is not enough to ensure school enrolment; the demand side of education should also be targeted.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to paper due to publisher copyright restrictions.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Business - School of Accounting, Economics and Finance
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2011 09:39
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2013 00:11
Uncontrolled Keywords: child labour; schooling; educational outcomes; school attendance; school achievement; costs of education; benefits of education
Fields of Research : 16 Studies in Human Society > 1608 Sociology > 160809 Sociology of Education
14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140202 Economic Development and Growth
13 Education > 1303 Specialist Studies in Education > 130303 Education Assessment and Evaluation
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 91 Economic Framework > 9199 Other Economic Framework > 919999 Economic Framework not elsewhere classified

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