Intelligence: theories and issues

Fogarty, Gerard J. (1999) Intelligence: theories and issues. In: Adult educational psychology. Social Science Press (Thomson Learning), Sydney, Australia, pp. 183-210. ISBN 1876033215


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[Abstract]: Of all the areas of Psychology, intelligence is probably the most controversial. At the same time, it is also one of the oldest areas of the discipline, dating back to the 1880's with the work of Francis Galton on individual differences in sensory functioning. It is impossible to capture in a single chapter the immense body of theorising and research that has been devoted to the topic of intelligence. The aims of this chapter are considerably more modest: a) to give a brief historical overview of the
area; b) to show how developments in the field are tied to the methodologies used to study intelligence; c) to describe current approaches to intelligence; and d) to introduce the reader to some of the main controversies in the area. This chapter will trace the developments
of the construct, from Spearman's (1904) early conceptions of intelligence as mental energy to the much broader conceptions of modern day theorists. The chapter will also deal with the wider social context and the implications of our understanding of intelligence for society in general. As will be seen, it is not an easy construct to
understand but it cannot be ignored because, along with personality, it is one of the most fundamental aspects of the human psyche.

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Item Type: Book Chapter (Commonwealth Reporting Category B)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Deposited with permission of publisher. The correct APA citation for this paper is: Fogarty, G. (1999). Intelligence: theories and issues. In J. Athanasou (Ed.), Adult educational psychology (pp. 183-210). Sydney: Social Science Press. ISBN 1876033215.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 00:31
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2016 01:03
Uncontrolled Keywords: intelligence, historical overview, developments, methodologies, current approaches, controversies
Fields of Research (2008): 13 Education > 1303 Specialist Studies in Education > 130309 Learning Sciences
Fields of Research (2020): 39 EDUCATION > 3904 Specialist studies in education > 390409 Learning sciences

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