Anti-inflammatory activity of hyperimmune plasma in a lipopolysaccharide-mediated rat air pouch model of inflammation

Essien, Bryan E. and Kotiw, Michael (2012) Anti-inflammatory activity of hyperimmune plasma in a lipopolysaccharide-mediated rat air pouch model of inflammation. Inflammation, 35 (1). pp. 58-64. ISSN 0360-3997


Tumour necrosis factor-α (TNFα) and polymorphonuclear neutrophils play key and interrelated roles in the inflammatory response against infectious agents. However, these entities can mediate significant tissue damage if their biological activity becomes deregulated. We have
previously shown that canine hyperimmune frozen plasma (HFP) contains anti-TNFα activity that is attributable to elevated levels of soluble TNFα receptor 1 (sTNFR1). The aim of this study was to determine the effect of HFP on TNFα levels and neutrophil infiltration in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-mediated rat air pouch model of inflammation. Rats were administered either HFP, HFP
which had been pre-incubated with anti-sTNFR1 antibody (5 ng/ml), fresh frozen plasma (FFP), physiological saline (PS) at 2 ml/day or Carprofen at 5 mg/kg for 3 days prior to LPS challenge.
Pouch fluid was withdrawn at 1, 6, 12, 24 and 48 h post-LPS challenge and assayed for TNFα by ELISA, and for total leukocytes and neutrophils by microscopic examination. At 6 h post-LPS challenge, both TNFα levels and neutrophil counts were significantly lower in HFP-treated rats than
was found in FFP, PS or Carprofen treated animals (p<0.05). In a sTNFR1 blocking experiment, incubation of HFP with anti-sTNFR1 antibody resulted in significant increases in neutrophil numbers and TNFα levels, which suggests that the anti-TNFα activity observed in HFP may be due to elevated levels of sTNFR1. The data also revealed a significant inverse correlation between total leukocyte counts and sTNFR1 levels present in pouch fluid (r=−0.73, p<0.0001). Our observations suggest that HFP warrants further investigation as a possible means for modulating acute inflammatory processes where TNFα is a key mediator.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Biological and Physical Sciences
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2011 20:51
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2014 06:25
Uncontrolled Keywords: hyperimmune plasma; tumour necrosis factor-α; soluble TNF receptor 1; inflammation; lipopolysaccharide
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1107 Immunology > 110702 Applied Immunology (incl. Antibody Engineering, Xenotransplantation and T-cell Therapies)
06 Biological Sciences > 0608 Zoology > 060804 Animal Immunology
06 Biological Sciences > 0605 Microbiology > 060502 Infectious Agents
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920108 Immune System and Allergy
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1007/s10753-010-9289-x

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