McCarthy, C. and Billingsley, J. and Finch, N. and Murray, P. and Gaughan, J. (2010) Cattle liveweight estimation using machine vision assessment of objective body measurements: first results. In: 28th Biennial Australian Society of Animal Production Conference, 11-15 Jul 2010, Armidale, Australia.
Text (Published Version)
This paper describes first results in the development of a machine vision system that estimates the liveweight of cattle based on objective body measurements (i.e. body length and area). The apparatus has potential use in pasture and feedlot situations with application to automated drafting.
A trial conducted at Bengalla Station (42 km east of Goondiwindi, Queensland) consisted of video collection for thirty pasture-fed Bos indicus steers for one day in August 2009. Video apparatus was installed in a laneway enclosed in a shed through which the animals walked enroute to a watering point. Video recording was motion-triggered and indexed by cattle identifications from an electronic ear tag reader at the entry of the laneway. The animals were stationary-weighed the day before the video collection occurred.
The video apparatus comprised a single camera view of the laneway. The laneway was backlit with nearinfrared (NIR) floodlights such that a silhouetted side view of the animal was acquired as the animal walked through the laneway. A camera fitted with a NIR optical filter logged video to a personal computer. NIR wavelengths were used so the floodlights could be powered on and off automatically without disturbing the animals.
Image processing algorithms were written to automatically extract body length and area from the images. Firstly, dark pixels in the image were assigned as animal pixels and light pixels were assigned as the background. Body length was estimated as the distance between the approximate tailhead and shoulder positions in imagery. Body area was estimated using the body height and length.
Body length and area measured by the developed method was linearly related to body weight with coefficients of correlation of 0.52 and 0.53, respectively. The results agree with the finding of Wanderstock and Salisbury (1946) that body length is correlated with liveweight. Further work includes improving the weight estimation by incorporating other body measurements and camera views, extending the system to estimate condition score and trialing different breeds.
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|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Poster)|
|Item Status:||Live Archive|
|Additional Information:||Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy. Only Abstracts published in the conference proceedings, as supplied here.|
|Faculty / Department / School:||Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Agricultural, Civil and Environmental Engineering|
|Date Deposited:||15 Feb 2011 23:36|
|Last Modified:||06 Jan 2016 05:33|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||machine vision; body measurement; Bos indicus|
|Fields of Research :||07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0702 Animal Production > 070202 Animal Growth and Development
08 Information and Computing Sciences > 0801 Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing > 080104 Computer Vision
09 Engineering > 0910 Manufacturing Engineering > 091007 Manufacturing Robotics and Mechatronics (excl. Automotive Mechatronics)
|Socio-Economic Objective:||B Economic Development > 83 Animal Production and Animal Primary Products > 8303 Livestock Raising > 830301 Beef Cattle|
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