Evaluation of glass fiber reinforced polyester composite for multi-pass abrasive wear applications

El-Tayeb, N. S. M. and Yousif, B. F. (2007) Evaluation of glass fiber reinforced polyester composite for multi-pass abrasive wear applications. Wear, 262 (9-10). pp. 1140-1151. ISSN 0043-1648


Multi-pass two-body abrasive (m-2BA) wear behaviour of chopped strand mat (CSM) 450-R-glass fiber reinforced polyester (CGRP) composite material was investigated. In the present study, pin-on-ring configuration with SiC abrasive paper was used under dry contact condition. The effects of three grades of SiC abrasive paper (1500, 1000, and 400) and the orientations (antiparallel, AP; parallel, P; normal, N) of the CSM on the m-2BA wear behaviour were investigated. The m-2BA wear rates of the CGRP composite were measured as a function of different applied normal loads (5–25N corresponding to 0.037–0.19MPa) at rotational speed of 100 and 50 rpm for different CSM orientations and different grit sizes of abrasive grains.

Experimental results showed that m-2BA wear rate of the CGRP composite increases substantially with increasing the size of the abrasive grits and rotational speed, whereas it tends to decrease with increasing the applied normal load. A 20–70% decrease in the wear rate at higher load was evident for all orientations tested under sliding wear conditions. SEM morphologies of the worn surfaces and abrasive papers revealed that the changes in the abrasiveness counterface conditions after few runs, due to clogging of the depression and/or film transfer of polymer, highly
determine the m-2BA wear behaviour. Furthermore, during tests, abrasive grains in the SiC paper were remained rigidly attached to the paper. Accordingly, no changes in the wear mechanism due to fracture, pull out, or attrition of abrasive grains was observed and only two-body abrasion
process was dominated. AP-orientation exhibited the lowest wear rate (best abrasive performance) compared to P- and N-orientation. Fibers in AP-orientation enhanced by filling the fiber–matrix gabs with fine debris and this in turn increases the rigidity of the CSM against the side forces
leading to less fiber damage. Wear mechanisms were categorized after microscopic observation of the abraded surfaces into five main types, i.e. micro-cutting, micro-ploughing, micro-fracture and micro-cracking in the resin, and micro-fatigue.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Author version not held.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2010 06:08
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2013 00:01
Uncontrolled Keywords: CGRP; multi-pass two-body abrasion; SiC abrasive paper; SEM; wear
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091309 Tribology
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091209 Polymers and Plastics
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.wear.2006.11.015
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/8667

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