Safety climate and the theory of planned behavior: towards the prediction of unsafe behavior

Fogarty, Gerard J. and Shaw, Andrew (2010) Safety climate and the theory of planned behavior: towards the prediction of unsafe behavior. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 42 (5). pp. 1455-1459. ISSN 0001-4575

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The present study is concerned with the human factors that contribute to violations in aviation maintenance. Much of our previous research in this area has been based on safety climate surveys and the analysis of relations among core dimensions of climate. In this study, we tap into mainstream psychological theory to help clarify the mechanisms underlying the links between climate and behavior. Specifically, we demonstrate the usefulness of Ajzen’s (1991, 2001) Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB)
to understanding violation behaviors in aircraft maintenance. A questionnaire was administered to 307
aircraft maintenance workers. Constructs measured by the survey included perceptions of management attitudes to safety, own attitudes to violations, intention to violate, group norms, workplace pressures, and violations. A model based on the TPB illustrated hypothetical connections among these variables. Path analyses using AMOS suggested some theoretically justifiable modifications to the model. Fit statistics of the revised model were excellent with intentions, group norms, and personal attitudes combining to explain 50% of the variance in self-reported violations. The model highlighted the importance of management attitudes and group norms as direct and indirect predictors of violation behavior. We conclude that the TPB is a useful tool for understanding the psychological background to the procedural violations so often associated with incidents and accidents.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2010 02:15
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2013 00:00
Uncontrolled Keywords: theory of planned behavior; safety climate; safety behavior
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111705 Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1702 Cognitive Sciences > 170202 Decision Making
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170107 Industrial and Organisational Psychology
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 88 Transport > 8803 Aerospace Transport > 880303 Air Safety
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2009.08.008

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