Construct validity and reliability of the practice environment scale of the nursing work index for Queensland nurses

Parker, Deborah and Tuckett, Anthony and Eley, Robert and Hegney, Desley (2010) Construct validity and reliability of the practice environment scale of the nursing work index for Queensland nurses. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 16 (4). pp. 352-358. ISSN 1322-7114

Text (Submitted Version)

Download (208kB)


This article reports on construct validity and reliability of 30 items of the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index (PES-NWI). Australia, like other countries, is experiencing a shortage of nurses; a multifactor approach to retention of nurses is required. One significant factor that has received increasing attention in the last decade, particularly in the USA, is the nursing practice environment. The reliability of the 30 items of the PES-NWI was assessed by Cronbach’s alpha and factor analysis was performed using principal component analysis. The PES-NWI was completed by nurses working
in the aged-care, private and public sectors in Queensland, Australia. A total of 3000 surveys were distributed to a random sample of members of the Queensland Nurses Union. Of these, 1192 surveys were returned, a response rate of 40%. The PES-NWI was shown to be reliable demonstrating internal consistency with a Cronbach’s alpha of the total scale of 0.948. The 30 items loaded onto five factors explaining 57.7% of the variance. The items across the factors differed slightly from those reported by the original author of the PES-NWI. This study indicates that the PES-NWI has construct validity and reliability in the Australian setting for nurses.

Statistics for USQ ePrint 8506
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - USQ Other
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - USQ Other
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2010 02:39
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2014 01:56
Uncontrolled Keywords: factor analysis; job satisfaction; professional practice; reliability
Fields of Research (2008): 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170107 Industrial and Organisational Psychology
15 Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services > 1503 Business and Management > 150305 Human Resources Management
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1110 Nursing > 111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5201 Applied and developmental psychology > 520104 Industrial and organisational psychology (incl. human factors)
35 COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES > 3505 Human resources and industrial relations > 350503 Human resources management
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4205 Nursing > 420599 Nursing not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 92 Health > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI:

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only