Parisi, Alfio and Schouten, Peter and Turnbull, David J. and Turner, Joanna and Downs, Nathan (2010) Sunlight and ultraviolet radiation. In: Cancer report 2010. New Hope in Health Foundation, Ankara, Turkey.
Excessive and repeated exposures to solar ultraviolet radiation (UV) have been linked to the induction of skin cancers, DNA damage, immune suppression and sun related eye disorders (Longstreth et al, 1995). The UVB wavelengths (280-320 nm) have a higher relative effectiveness for producing erythema compared to the UVA wavelengths (320-400 nm) (CIE, 1987). On the positive side, exposures to certain terrestrial UV wavelengths (290-330 nm) are required for the initiation of the production of vitamin D (CIE, 2006). There is a fine balance between the small amounts of UV exposure required to initiate vitamin D production and the damaging effects of UV exposures beyond this amount. This requires an optimization of the solar UV exposures to humans in different environments. To optimize solar UV exposures, an understanding of the complexities influencing the solar UV environment must be obtained. This chapter discusses the influences on the UV due to cloud, shade, water and reflective materials and also the development of new methods to provide the means to understand the influencing factors on the UV in these environments.
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|Item Type:||Book Chapter (Commonwealth Reporting Category B)|
|Item Status:||Live Archive|
|Additional Information:||Chapter 2.8. Access restricted due to publisher restriction? This chapter was not refereed.|
|Faculty / Department / School:||Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Biological and Physical Sciences|
|Date Deposited:||07 Mar 2011 01:42|
|Last Modified:||05 Sep 2016 03:25|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||skin cancer, UV, vitamin D, cloud, shade, water, reflection|
|Fields of Research :||02 Physical Sciences > 0299 Other Physical Sciences > 029999 Physical Sciences not elsewhere classified|
|Socio-Economic Objective:||C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920405 Environmental Health|
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