Investigation of household water consumption using smart metering system

Mead, Nicola and Aravinthan, Vasantha (2009) Investigation of household water consumption using smart metering system. In: 2nd Conference on Challenges in Environmental Science and Engineering (CESE-2009): Waste Treatment: Challenges and Solutions, 14-17 Jul 2009, Townsville, Queensland .


The current prolonged drought conditions in South-East Queensland, Australia poses challenges to water authorities to provide sustainable potable water for their communities. Toowoomba Regional Council (TRC) is implementing several demand management programs aiming to reduce the demand on potable water supplies, however little is known about their effectiveness. In this innovative project, a sample of 10 volunteer households was installed with high resolution smart meters and data loggers. The raw data were then collected remotely and processed with the special purpose software 'Trace wizard' disaggregating every water event occurring in a household into relevant end-use categories. This paper gives insight into the itemized water consumption by each appliance during the monitoring period and further evaluates the effectiveness of implemented water demand management programs. Our conclusion is that rebates for water efficient devices by both the State Government and TRC are currently targeted to the areas where they are likely to save the highest amount of water. However, WaterWise education is highlighted as a significant part of demand management programs with changes in consumers' behaviours likely to save more water than retrofitting of water efficient devices solely.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: A revised version of this paper has been published in the journal 'Desalination and water treatment'. See
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Agricultural, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2010 05:44
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2011 03:12
Uncontrolled Keywords: surveillance; software; high resolution; water supply; drinking water; drought; demand management; smart meters; water end use; waterWise education; water efficient devices
Fields of Research : 05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050203 Environmental Education and Extension
09 Engineering > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090799 Environmental Engineering not elsewhere classified
09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090509 Water Resources Engineering
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960912 Urban and Industrial Water Management

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