Smart monolayer application and management to reduce evaporation on farm dams - formulation of a universal design framework

Brink, Gavin and Symes, Troy and Pittaway, Pam and Hancock, Nigel and Pather, Selvan and Schmidt, Erik (2009) Smart monolayer application and management to reduce evaporation on farm dams - formulation of a universal design framework. In: 2009 Environmental Research Event, 10-13 May 2009, Noosa, Australia.


Recent analyses of the utility of chemical monolayers to reduce the evaporation from extensive open water surfaces have shown them to be a potentially economical, low-impact and environmentally benign. However, monolayer performance is highly variable due to site and environmental factors, principally dam size, climate, microclimate, and interactions with natural water microlayers, factors which vary over time and between dams and dam sites. These differences influence both the design of an appropriate monolayer application system and the management of the system in response to prevailing conditions and/or user requirements.

This paper reviews the physical and biological factors which must be accommodated and introduces a Universal Design Framework for optimal monolayer application. The framework seeks to inform the selection of monolayer compound and appropriate equipment, including the design and number of applicators, their arrangement on-site and application strategies for a given dam site; and also to ensure sustained autonomous operation is efficient, both as regards evaporation reduction and monolayer use. Progress is also reported towards the design of an autonomous electromechanical system for the optimal application and spreading of monolayer

Statistics for USQ ePrint 8237
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Paper not able to be displayed as being considered for journal publication.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - No Department
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2010 23:17
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 23:56
Uncontrolled Keywords: evaporation reduction, surface films, chemical monolayer, environmental impact, autonomous application
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0999 Other Engineering > 099901 Agricultural Engineering

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only