Alternatives to questions: language use in UNIPREP classroom discussion

Dashwood, Ann ORCID: and Wood, Lyndal (2006) Alternatives to questions: language use in UNIPREP classroom discussion. International Journal of Pedagogies and Learning, 2 (1). pp. 99-113.

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Student talk is linguistic output with potential for developing communicative competence (Bachman, 1990; Canale, 1983; Canale & Swain, 1980). In language classrooms turns of talk facilitate the meaning making process as students and teachers collaboratively come to understand the discourse of knowledge that they are co-constructing (Vygotsky, 1978; Wells, 1999) in their interactions together, teacher to student and student to student. Questions shape the essential teaching exchange IRE/F as a teacher initiates (I) the first move, a student responds (R) and the teacher again takes up a turn and evaluates (E) in the follow-up (F) move. As common and useful as this exchange is for managing classroom behaviour, during the pivotal third turn in the essential teaching exchange (Young, 1992) there is potential for teachers to facilitate
student talk when the teacher provides alternatives to a follow-up question (Dillon,1988).
This case study of young adult English as a Second Language (ESL) users in face-to-face interaction in a university preparatory study skills course (UNIPREP) indicates a
limiting influence of teacher questioning on student talk in discussions. Rather than talk being generated by a teacher’s questioning, alternatives to questions lead to the increased length of turns in students’ collaborative talk. This study brings a discourse analysis focus to whole class discussion between teacher and international UNIPREP students in the higher education sector and provides a context for second language acquisition researchers, teachers and Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) trainers.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Authors retain copyright.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Education (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Education (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Date Deposited: 17 May 2010 00:50
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 23:54
Uncontrolled Keywords: classroom discussion; class conversation; student talk; english as a second language; ESL; triadic dialogue; IRE; IRF
Fields of Research (2008): 13 Education > 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy > 130207 LOTE, ESL and TESOL Curriculum and Pedagogy (excl. Maori)
13 Education > 1301 Education Systems > 130103 Higher Education
20 Language, Communication and Culture > 2003 Language Studies > 200303 English as a Second Language
Fields of Research (2020): 39 EDUCATION > 3901 Curriculum and pedagogy > 390108 LOTE, ESL and TESOL curriculum and pedagogy
39 EDUCATION > 3903 Education systems > 390303 Higher education
47 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 4703 Language studies > 470306 English as a second language
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 93 Education and Training > 9301 Learner and Learning > 930102 Learner and Learning Processes

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