Formulation and assessment of narrow-band vegetation indices from EO-1 hyperion imagery for discriminating sugarcane disease

Apan, Armando and Held, Alex and Phinn, Stuart and Markley, John (2003) Formulation and assessment of narrow-band vegetation indices from EO-1 hyperion imagery for discriminating sugarcane disease. In: Spatial Sciences Institute Biennial Conference(SSC 2003): Spatial Knowledge Without Boundaries , 22-26 Sep 2003, Canberra, Australia.

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The increasing commercial availability of hyperspectral image data promotes growing interests in the development of application-specific narrow-band spectral vegetation indices (SVIs). However, the selection of the optimum SVIs for a particular purpose is not straightforward, due to the wide choice of band combinations and transformations, combined with specific application purposes and conditions. Thus, the aim of this study was to develop an approach for formulating and assessing narrow-band vegetation indices, particularly those from EO-1 Hyperion imagery. The focus of SVI development was for discriminating sugarcane areas affected by 'orange rust' (Puccinia kuehnii) disease in Mackay, Queensland, Australia. After a series of pre-processing and post-atmospheric correction techniques, an empirical-statistical approach to SVI development was designed and implemented. This included the following components: a) selection of sample pixels of diseased and nondiseased areas, b) visual examination of spectral plots to identify bands of maximum spectral separability, c)generation of SVIs, d) use of multiple discriminant function analysis, and e) result interpretation and validation.
From the forty existing and newly developed vegetation indices, the output discriminant function (i.e. a linear
combination of three indices) attained a classification accuracy of 96.9% for the hold-out sample pixels. The
statistical analyses also produced a list of function coefficients and correlation rankings that indicate the
predictive potential of each SVI. The newly formulated 'Disease-Water Stress Indices' (DSWI) produced the
highest correlations. The approach designed for this study provided a systematic framework in the formulation
and assessment of SVIs for sugarcane disease detection.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: No evidence of copyright restrictions.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Surveying and Land Information
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2010 07:40
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2013 05:52
Uncontrolled Keywords: hyperspectral remote sensing; spectral vegetation indices; sugarcane disease; Hyperion
Fields of Research : 07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management > 070104 Agricultural Spatial Analysis and Modelling
09 Engineering > 0909 Geomatic Engineering > 090905 Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0703 Crop and Pasture Production > 070308 Crop and Pasture Protection (Pests, Diseases and Weeds)
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 82 Plant Production and Plant Primary Products > 8203 Industrial Crops > 820304 Sugar
D Environment > 96 Environment > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960504 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Environments

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