The effect of breastfeeding self-efficacy on breastfeeding duration

O'Brien, Maxine and Fallon, Anthony (2005) The effect of breastfeeding self-efficacy on breastfeeding duration. Birth Issues, 14 (4). pp. 135-142. ISSN 1038-023X


Breastfeeding self efficacy (BSE), or the mother's perception of her ability to breastfeed, is a psychological factor related to breastfeeding duration. This study aimed to determine if BSE uniquely predicted breastfeeding duration after taking into account other variables known to influence the length of time for which a woman continues to breastfeed. Design: The study surveyed 147 women who gave birth during a seven-week period between June and August 2003. These women were surveyed in the immediate postpartum and again at 6 weeks postpartum. Setting: A private hospital in a large rural centre in Queensland, Australia. Outcome Measures: The cessation of exclusive breastfeeding, measured in weeks or part weeks, to six weeks postpartum. Results: BSE scores provided a strong unique prediction of breastfeeding duration (OR = .94, 95% CI = .90 - .97), with a 6% decrease in the probability of early breastfeeding cessation for every 1-point increase in BSE. Additionally, women who decided how to feed their infant after pregnancy breastfed for shorter durations than women who made that decision before pregnancy (OR = .27, 95% CI = .12 - .60). Principal Conclusions: Psychological factors such as BSE are important in the maintenance of breastfeeding among Australian mothers, and provide a focus for future interventions designed to increase breastfeeding duration.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Nursing (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Nursing (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2010 08:55
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 22:34
Uncontrolled Keywords: breastfeeding; self-efficacy; psychological factors; time of decision
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111710 Health Counselling
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170105 Gender Psychology
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1110 Nursing > 111006 Midwifery
Fields of Research (2020): 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4203 Health services and systems > 420307 Health counselling
52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5205 Social and personality psychology > 520502 Gender psychology
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4204 Midwifery > 420499 Midwifery not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 92 Health > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920507 Women's Health

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