Music in early childhood education: teachers’ levels of confidence and happiness

Ebbeck, Marjory and Yim, Hoi Yin Bonnie and Lee, Lai Wan Maria (2008) Music in early childhood education: teachers’ levels of confidence and happiness. Australian Journal of Music Education, 2. pp. 22-30. ISSN 0004-9484


This paper presents the results of a study which investigates early childhood teachers’ levels of confidence
and happiness in conducting music activities with young children. A sample of 284 in-service and preservice
early childhood teachers in Hong Kong participated in the study. Two new research instruments entitled Teachers Music Confidence Scale (TMCS) and Teachers Happiness Scale (THS) were designed for data collection to answer the research questions. Results showed that early childhood teachers have the highest and the lowest level of confidence in singing and composing/improvising respectively. In-service
teachers showed higher confidence and happiness levels in conducting several musical activities with young children than pre-service teachers. There was also a statistically significant relationship between these two variables. Implications for engagement in music are discussed in the paper.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Contact email: Author's verison unavailable. Copyright 2008 Australian Society for Music Education (ASME).
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Education
Date Deposited: 07 May 2010 11:24
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2014 06:21
Uncontrolled Keywords: music education, early childhood, confidence, happiness, teacher education
Fields of Research : 13 Education > 1301 Education Systems > 130102 Early Childhood Education (excl. Maori)
13 Education > 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy > 130201 Creative Arts, Media and Communication Curriculum and Pedagogy
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 93 Education and Training > 9302 Teaching and Instruction > 930202 Teacher and Instructor Development
C Society > 93 Education and Training > 9305 Education and Training Systems > 930503 Resourcing of Education and Training Systems
C Society > 93 Education and Training > 9301 Learner and Learning > 930102 Learner and Learning Processes

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