Energy and economic efficiency of wheat production using different irrigation supply methods

Khan, Mohammad Azam and Khan, Shahbaz and Mushtaq, Shahbaz (2007) Energy and economic efficiency of wheat production using different irrigation supply methods. Soil and Environment, 26 (2). pp. 20-28. ISSN 2074-9546


Energy inputs are being used increasingly in Pakistan to boost agricultural production and are resulting in a
transition from traditional to more energy-oriented agricultural production systems. In assessing the form of this transition and the trend that is likely to continue in the near future, it is imperative to know the present use of energy in agricultural production in order to formulate rational policy. The objective of the research was to provide an energy and economic efficiency analysis of wheat production in the Balochistan province of Pakistan using gravity and lift irrigation with diesel and electric energy. The applied inputs evaluated were farms irrigated with canal water, farms irrigated with electric motor driven pumps and the farms using diesel engine to pump the irrigation water. The sources of energy inputs included the human labour, FYM, chemical fertilizer, electrical or diesel pumps used for irrigation and tractor. The results indicate that irrigation using an electric motor and diesel engine is inefficient in term of energy consumption and economic returns at the farm level compared with canal irrigation. Consequently, the benefit cost ratios of the diesel and electric engine lift irrigation were also relatively small when compared with the canal irrigation.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Author's version not held.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - USQ Other
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - USQ Other
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2010 09:40
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 23:48
Uncontrolled Keywords: wheat; energy use efficiency; commercial and non-commercial energy; renewable and non-renewable energy
Fields of Research (2008): 07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management > 070108 Sustainable Agricultural Development
14 Economics > 1403 Econometrics > 140302 Econometric and Statistical Methods
Fields of Research (2020): 30 AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND FOOD SCIENCES > 3002 Agriculture, land and farm management > 300210 Sustainable agricultural development
38 ECONOMICS > 3802 Econometrics > 380202 Econometric and statistical methods
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): B Economic Development > 85 Energy > 8599 Other Energy > 859999 Energy not elsewhere classified

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