Energy and economic efficiency analysis of rice and cotton production in China

Khan, Mohammad Azam and Khan, Shahbaz and Mushtaq, Shahbaz (2009) Energy and economic efficiency analysis of rice and cotton production in China. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 25 (2). pp. 291-300. ISSN 1016-4383


Energy is a key factor in boosting crop yield for rapidly growing world population. Plan to conserve
energy for future generations without threatening the food supply, requires a comprehensive analysis of energy
inputs and outputs as a result. A study was conducted in 2002-03 to ascertain the effects of different parameters of
energy inputs on biomass production of rice and cotton in Liuyuankou Irrigation System, Henan province of China.
The contribution of direct energy, including human, pumping and tractor, was 30% and 14% of the total energy
required to grow rice and cotton crops respectively. Pumping energy alone was 13% and 1% of the total energy
required for growing rice and cotton crops respectively. Fertilizer was another major component of indirect energy
inputs for both of these crops accounting for 76% and 63% for cotton and rice, respectively. The comparison of
Chinese farms with Turkish and Indian farms showed that the fertilizer applied on Chinese farms was significantly
higher than Turkish and Indian farms. Moreover, fertilizer application in Turkey boosted the yield significantly. The
fertilizer application on Indian farms was too low to impact on yield. However, it improved energy efficiency. The
overall energy efficiency, energy productivity, water productivity and combined energy and water productivity were
lower for cotton crop. The net return was higher for cotton because of its higher price in the market.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Sarhad Journal of Agriculture (SJA) is a peer-reviewed journal publishing quality research in field of Agricultural Sciences. Auhtor version not held.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - USQ Other
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - USQ Other
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2011 22:59
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2014 03:06
Uncontrolled Keywords: rice, cotton, energy inputs, economic modelling, China
Fields of Research (2008): 07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management > 070108 Sustainable Agricultural Development
14 Economics > 1403 Econometrics > 140302 Econometric and Statistical Methods
Fields of Research (2020): 30 AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND FOOD SCIENCES > 3002 Agriculture, land and farm management > 300210 Sustainable agricultural development
38 ECONOMICS > 3802 Econometrics > 380202 Econometric and statistical methods
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): B Economic Development > 85 Energy > 8599 Other Energy > 859999 Energy not elsewhere classified

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