Are country and cultural values interchangeable? a case example using occupational stress and coping

Sawang, Sukanlaya and Oei, Tian and Goh, Yong Wah (2006) Are country and cultural values interchangeable? a case example using occupational stress and coping. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 6 (2). pp. 205-219. ISSN 1470-5958


Cross-cultural research in occupational stress and coping has produced a wealth of knowledge. Although advancement has been made, there are still problems to be solved. One of these problems is the confusion generated in the literature by researchers claiming nation or country as representing cultural values, and the use of the two terms interchangeably. It remains unclear whether this practice is correct. The present paper reported on this by using 511 full time employees from Australia, Singapore and Sri Lanka to study occupational stress and coping. Results revealed that cultural value paradigm (i.e., Individualism-Collectivism) was distributed across the three nations, such that over 60% of participants across the three nations were either high or low in both I-C paradigms. The findings also indicated that the relationship between cultural value paradigm and country impacted on stress and coping differently. The study shows that significant differences exist within country, as well as between countries, such that any attempt to equate ‘culture’ with ‘country’ becomes problematic. Therefore, these findings establish that country or nation was not the same as culture values and could not be used interchangeably.

Statistics for USQ ePrint 7511
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Author's version not held.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2010 13:05
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 23:48
Uncontrolled Keywords: industrial and organisational psychology; occupational stress; transactional model of coping; individualism; collectivism; Asia
Fields of Research : 16 Studies in Human Society > 1601 Anthropology > 160104 Social and Cultural Anthropology
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170107 Industrial and Organisational Psychology
20 Language, Communication and Culture > 2001 Communication and Media Studies > 200105 Organisational, Interpersonal and Intercultural Communication
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 95 Cultural Understanding > 9599 Other Cultural Understanding > 959999 Cultural Understanding not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1177/1470595806066330

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only