The influence of nozzle aspect ratio on plane jets

Deo, Ravinesh C. and Mi, Jianchun and Nathan, Graham J. (2007) The influence of nozzle aspect ratio on plane jets. Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 31 (8). pp. 825-838. ISSN 0894-1777


This paper reports a systematic investigation of the effect of nozzle aspect ratio (AR) on plane jets. The aspect ratio AR (w/h), where h and w are the nozzle height and width) was varied from 15 to 72. The present velocity measurements were performed using single hotwire anemometry, over a downstream distance of up to 85h and at a nozzle-height-based Reynolds number of Reh = 1.80 x 104. Results
obtained reveal that both the extent and character of statistical two-dimensionality of a plane jet depend significantly on AR. Most aspects of the near field flow exhibit an asymptotic-like dependence on AR, but do not become independent of AR within the range of AR investigated. A region of statistically two-dimensional (2-D) mean velocity field is achieved only for AR >= 20, and its axial extent increases with AR. However, the centerline turbulence intensity in the far field displays an asymptotic-like convergence only for AR >= 30. In the self-similar region, both the mean decay and spreading rates of the jet increase as AR increases and do not reach
an asymptotic value, even at AR = 72. The aspect ratio of the local jet (w/local velocity half-width) at the end of the 2-D region becomes asymptotically independent of nozzle aspect ratio, for approximately AR >= 30. That is, the plane jet ceases to be statistically 2-D at a fixed value of local jet aspect ratio for nozzle aspect ratios greater than 30. The skewness and flatness factors also depend on AR. These results imply that independence of AR, even in the near field, will require very much larger aspect ratios than have been investigated previously.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Author's version not held.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Maths and Computing
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2010 07:02
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 23:46
Uncontrolled Keywords: plane jet; turbulent mixing; effect of nozzle aspect ratio; hot-wire measurement
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering > 091508 Turbulent Flows
09 Engineering > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091399 Mechanical Engineering not elsewhere classified
09 Engineering > 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering > 091504 Fluidisation and Fluid Mechanics
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2006.08.009

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