The development and preliminary testing of a scale to measure the latent and manifest benefits of employment

Muller, Juanita J. and Creed, Peter A. and Waters, Lea E. and Machin, M. Anthony (2005) The development and preliminary testing of a scale to measure the latent and manifest benefits of employment. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 21 (3). pp. 191-198. ISSN 1015-5759

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Theorists have argued the importance of the latent and manifest benefits of employment and their relationship with psychological well-being. However, no one scale has been devised that adequately and reliably measures all five latent and one manifest benefit together. The aims of this study were to develop such a scale that satisfies standards for psychometric adequacy, and to present evidence for its validity. In the scale development phase, in-depth interviews with 33 unemployed adults and comments from labour market experts were used in the item generation process. In Study 1, 307 unemployed adults were surveyed, and item analysis, inter-item and item-total correlations and factor analysis were used to reduce the item pool to
a 36-item scale, with six homogenous and reliable subscales. In Study 2, 250 unemployed adults were surveyed and the scale was subjected to confirmatory factor analysis and tested for associations with psychological distress, neuroticism and various demographic variables.
As a result, a reliable and valid 36-item Latent and Manifest Benefits (LAMB) scale was developed. Implications for use in research are discussed.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2005 Hogrefe & Huber Publishers. Published version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 00:27
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2013 02:41
Uncontrolled Keywords: latent benefits; manifest benefits; unemployment; Jahoda; Fryer; access to categories of experience
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170107 Industrial and Organisational Psychology
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170110 Psychological Methodology, Design and Analysis
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111714 Mental Health
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920408 Health Status (e.g. Indicators of Well-Being)
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1027/1015-5759.21.3.191

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