The relationship of work support and work demands to individual outcomes and absenteeism of rural nurses

Machin, M. Anthony and Fogarty, Gerard J. and Albion, Majella J. (2004) The relationship of work support and work demands to individual outcomes and absenteeism of rural nurses. In: 36th Australian Psychological Society Annual Conference, 21-24 Sep 2001, Adelaide, Australia.

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This study looked at the relationships among work support, work demands, individual morale, individual distress, quality of working life, and absenteeism outcomes of 188
rural nurses working in the Southern Downs District Health Service. The absenteeism data were obtained from the employee information report that listed total monthly
absenteeism rates (calculated as hours per full time employee) for the nursing staff at each of the six hospitals. Using structural equation modelling, it was found that work demands predicted levels of individual distress while work support predicted individual morale, quality of working life, and individual distress. Examination of the data revealed that hospitals where staff reported higher levels of work demands and lower levels of work support had higher absenteeism rates. The establishment of better support networks for rural nursing staff and reducing the work demands may influence levels of absenteeism although there could be a reciprocal effect whereby absenteeism contributes to greater work demands.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: This is an electronic version of an article published in Proceedings of the 36th Australian Psychological Society Annual Conference, 21 - 24 Sept 2001, Adelaide, Australia. Published in e-journal format posted online 29 January 2004.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 00:27
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2014 04:06
Uncontrolled Keywords: work demands; work support; morale; quality of work life; absenteeism; rural; nurses
Fields of Research : 16 Studies in Human Society > 1608 Sociology > 160804 Rural Sociology
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170107 Industrial and Organisational Psychology
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1110 Nursing > 111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences

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