Simulating spatial variability of cereal yields from historical yield maps and satellite imagery

Dang, Y. P. and Apan, Armando and Dalal, R. C. and Darr, Shawn Geoffrey and Schmidt, M. and Pringle, M. (2009) Simulating spatial variability of cereal yields from historical yield maps and satellite imagery. In: 2009 Surveying and Spatial Sciences Institute Biennial International Conference: Spatial Diversity (SSC 2009), 28 Sept - 2 Oct 2009, Adelaide, Australia.

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[Abstract]: The management of spatial variability of crop yields relies on the availability of affordable and accurate spatial data. Yield maps are a direct measure of the crop yields, however, costs and difficulties in collection and processing to generate yield maps results in poor availability of such data in Australia. In this study, we used historical mid-season normalised difference vegetation index (NDVI), generated from Landsat imagery over 4 years. Using linear regression model, the NDVI was compared to the actual yield map from a 257 ha paddock. The difference between actual and predicted yield showed that 77% and 93% of the paddock area had an error of <20% and <30%, respectively. The linear model obtained in the paddock was used to simulate crop yield for an adjoining paddock of 162 ha. On an average of 4 years, the difference between actual and simulated yield showed that 87% of the paddock had an error of <20%. However, this error varied from season to season. Paddock area with <20% error increased exponentially with decreasing in-crop rainfall between anthesis and crop maturity. Furthermore, the error in simulating crop yield also varied with the soil constraints. Paddock zones with high concentrations of subsoil chloride and surface soil exchangeable sodium percentage generally had higher percent of error in simulating crop yields. Satellite imagery consistently over-predicted cereal yields in areas with subsoil constraints, possibly due to chloride-induced water stress during grain filling. The simulated yield mapping methodology offers an opportunity to identify within-field spatial variability using satellite imagery as a surrogate measure of biomass. However, the ability to successfully simulate crop yields at farm scale or regional scale requires wider evaluation across different soil types and climatic conditions.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: No evidence of copyright restrictions on web site.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Surveying and Land Information
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2010 02:25
Last Modified: 20 Nov 2015 05:06
Uncontrolled Keywords: spatial variability; crop yields; historical yield maps; satellite imagery
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0909 Geomatic Engineering > 090905 Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 82 Plant Production and Plant Primary Products > 8205 Winter Grains and Oilseeds > 820507 Wheat

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