A review of alternative materials for replacing existing timber sleepers

Manalo, A. and Aravinthan, T. and Karunasena, W. and Ticoalu, A. (2010) A review of alternative materials for replacing existing timber sleepers. Composite Structures, 92 (3). pp. 603-611. ISSN 0263-8223


Timber is the most widely used material for railway sleepers, however, as a sleeper material it deteriorates with time and needs appropriate replacement. In recent years, hardwood timber for railway sleepers is becoming more expensive, less available and is of inferior quality compared to the timber previously available. There are also now various environmental concerns regarding the use and disposal of chemically-impregnated timber sleepers. This has resulted in most railway industries searching for alternative materials to replace existing timber sleepers. This paper presents a review of recent developments and presents an initiative focusing on fibre composites as an alternative material for railway sleepers. Fibre composites are emerging as an alternative viable construction material. An overview of the on-going research and development on innovative fibre composite railway sleepers is also discussed.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Agricultural, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2009 23:48
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2013 07:26
Uncontrolled Keywords: railway sleepers; replacement sleepers; hardwood timber; alternative materials; fibre composites
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090506 Structural Engineering
09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090503 Construction Materials
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 86 Manufacturing > 8613 Transport Equipment > 861304 Rail Equipment
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2009.08.046
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/6507

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