Village elders' and secondary school students' explanations of natural phenomena in Papua New Guinea

Pauka, Soikava and Treagust, David F. and Waldrip, Bruce (2005) Village elders' and secondary school students' explanations of natural phenomena in Papua New Guinea. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 3 (2). pp. 213-238. ISSN 1571-0068


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This research investigated the sources of explanations and understanding of natural
phenomena in terms of the students' cultural and school science experiences. The first
phase involved interviews with eight village elders that probed their explanations and
understanding of natural phenomena. The second phase involved the design,
development and administration of two questionnaires on natural phenomena to 179
students in a rural boarding high school in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Most village
elders gave explanations of many of the phenomena in terms of spirits, spells, magic;
religion; and personal experiences. Most school-aged students choose scientific
explanations of natural phenomena in terms of what they had learned in school or from
personal experiences. However, many choose explanations of the same phenomena
about spirits, spells and magic that came from the village, family or home. The study
revealed that students' ideas about natural phenomena are strongly governed and
controlled by their school science knowledge in the school setting. It is likely that their
own traditional knowledge cannot be identified in a school setting but that
questionnaires in the students' local language be given to students in their villages (as
opposed to school). In addition, so as not to diminish the value of this traditional
knowledge, science education programs are needed that are able to consider and
harmonise traditional knowledge with school science

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Springer 2005 : Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Education
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 00:25
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 22:33
Uncontrolled Keywords: scientific explanations, traditional knowledge, learning science, schooling, Papua New Guinea
Fields of Research : 13 Education > 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy > 130212 Science, Technology and Engineering Curriculum and Pedagogy
16 Studies in Human Society > 1601 Anthropology > 160104 Social and Cultural Anthropology
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1007/s10763-004-6529-2

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