Chronic conditions and child health: does income mediate?

Khanam, Rasheda and Nghiem, Hong Son and Connelly, Luke B. (2009) Chronic conditions and child health: does income mediate? In: 38th Australian Conference of Economists (ACE 2009), 28-30 Sep 2009, Adelaide, Australia.

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Discussions of the income-child health gradient have often focused on the question of whether the association between household income and child health is attributable to children from low-income households experiencing more health shocks, responding less well to the health shocks they experience, or both. This question was originally posed by Currie and Stabile (2003), who produced evidence that children from lower-income households in Canada experienced more health shocks. However, few authors have been able to address these questions empirically, as suitable (panel) data have, until recently, been scarce. The current paper contributes to this small literature by producing new empirical evidence for Australia, using the Longitudinal Study of Australian (LSAC) to examine the question of how the income-child health gradient may be explained. The central results are that we find no evidence that children from low-income households are subject to more frequent health shocks (as measured by chronic conditions), and nor do we find that children from low-income households register any worse recovery from a health shock once it has occurred. Our findings are in contrast to those for the United States, as reported by Murasko (2008) and Condliffe and Link (2008). We speculate that the extensive and universal public healthcare system in Australia may offset some of the important health-related disadvantages that are associated with low incomes in other countries.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Authors retains copyright.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Business - School of Accounting, Economics and Finance
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2009 23:09
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2014 06:35
Uncontrolled Keywords: child health; income gradient; chronic condition; panel data; Australia
Fields of Research : 14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140208 Health Economics
14 Economics > 1403 Econometrics > 140304 Panel Data Analysis
14 Economics > 1403 Econometrics > 140301 Cross-Sectional Analysis
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920501 Child Health

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