Child health and the income gradient in Australia: the role of chronic conditions

Khanam, Rasheda and Nghiem, Hong Son and Connelly, Luke B. (2009) Child health and the income gradient in Australia: the role of chronic conditions. In: Explorations in Health Economics (iHEA 2009), 12-15 Jul 2009, Beijing, China.

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In this paper we utilise data from the Longitudinal Study of Australian (LSAC) to examine the question of how the income-child health gradient, which has attracted much attention from the researchers in recent years, may be explained. Our results show that a previous health shock,
as measured by chronic conditions, increases the probability of a child being reported as being in poor health in current period. We find that income has a protective effect on child health, but our interaction term of family income and the lagged health shock is not statistically signicant.
Therefore, our results do not provide any evidence that low-SES households are less able to manage a health shock than the high-SES household. Interestingly, we also do not find any convincing evidence that low-SES Australian children are subject to more health shocks. We speculate that the extensive and universal public healthcare system in Australia may offset some of the important health-related disadvantages that are associated with low incomes in other countries.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: No
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: No evidence of copyright restrictions on web sites.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Business - School of Accounting, Economics and Finance
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2009 23:38
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2013 04:55
Uncontrolled Keywords: child health; income gradient; chronic condition; panel data; Australia
Fields of Research : 16 Studies in Human Society > 1608 Sociology > 160807 Sociological Methodology and Research Methods
14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140208 Health Economics
14 Economics > 1403 Econometrics > 140304 Panel Data Analysis
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920501 Child Health

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