Evaluation of a hydrographic technique to measure on-farm water storage volumes

Gibbings, Peter and Raine, Steven R. (2005) Evaluation of a hydrographic technique to measure on-farm water storage volumes. Agricultural Water Management, 78 (3). pp. 209-221. ISSN 0378-3774

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Digital terrain models of on-farm water storages are required to assist in accurately measuring the on-farm water balance and water use efficiency components including
storage capacity, inflow, seepage, evaporation and discharge volumes. A hydrographic surveying system combining a high-precision global positioning system (GPS) and a low-cost depth sounder was developed to facilitate the creation of a digital terrain model. The system was validated by comparing the hydrographic terrain model and volume measurements against both a traditional real time kinematic (RTK) land based survey and independent lead line depth measurements. Flat bottomed storage volumes were measured with errors of less than 1 percent using the hydrographic survey technique. A major proportion of the error in small storages was found to be associated with the ability to accurately identify the inflection point between the banks and floor of the storage. However, for larger storages, errors were primarily related to density of sampling points within the storage floor area. Recommendations are provided regarding the appropriate measurement procedures, including sampling point density, for a range of storage sizes.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Copyright 2005 Elsevier: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. This is the author-version of the work. It is posted here for your personal use. Use the hypertext links above to access the journal's website.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Surveying and Land Information
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 00:25
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2016 23:57
Uncontrolled Keywords: dam storage; digital terrain models; irrigation; water efficiency; GPS
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0909 Geomatic Engineering > 090906 Surveying (incl. Hydrographic Surveying)
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management > 070104 Agricultural Spatial Analysis and Modelling
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0799 Other Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 079901 Agricultural Hydrology (Drainage, Flooding, Irrigation, Quality, etc.)
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960905 Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Water Management
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.agwat.2005.02.010
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/574

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