Pollard, Carol and Cater-Steel, Aileen (2009) Justifications, strategies, and critical success factors in successful ITIL implementations in U.S. and Australian companies: an exploratory study. Information Systems Management, 26 (2). pp. 164-175. ISSN 1058-0530
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A growing number of organizations are implementing the ITIL (IT Infrastructure Library) 'best practice' framework in an attempt to improve their IT service management processes. However, not all ITIL implementations are successful and some companies have been disappointed with the outcomes.
This exploratory research reports on four case studies of 'successful' implementations of IT service management
using the process-based ITIL V2 framework. Two companies are located in the U.S. and two in Australia. The cases demonstrate a mix of implementation justifications and strategies. Critical success factors (CSFs) suggested in the literature are compared against those attributed to these successful ITIL implementations. Some CSFs, including executive management support, interdepartmental communication and collaboration, use of consultants, training and careful software selection are confirmed. Three new CSFs are identified: creating an ITIL-friendly culture, process as a priority, and customer-focused metrics. Practitioner guidelines, to assist IT managers, who are contemplating adopting ITIL for process improvement
and organisational transformation, are also provided together with some challenges encountered and their associated resolutions.
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