Crafting effective problems for problem-based learning

Wee, Lynda Keng-Neo and Kek, Megan Yih Chyn Alexandria and Sim, Matthew Heng Chye (2001) Crafting effective problems for problem-based learning. In: 3rd Asia-Pacific Conference on Problem-Based Learning 2001: Experience, Empowerment and Evidence, 9-12 Dec 2001, Rockhampton, Australia.

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Educators in higher education are constantly rethinking about how they can better prepare their graduates for their professional career. The medical faculty at McMaster University pioneered Problem-based Learning (PBL) in the 1960s as an innovative approach to make learning more relevant and effective. Since then, PBL approach in education has had proven success in many fields of studies, most notably in the areas of medicine, architecture, nursing and construction management.

According to Prof Howard S Barrows, 'An authentic PBL education would require the student to go through the same activities during learning that are valued in the real world. The intent is to challenge the student with patient problems that he will be faced in practice both as a stimulus for learning and a focus for organizing what has been learned for later recall and application to future work.' The focus of learning is the problem. Students acquire new knowledge and learn by solving problems. Hence, the quality of problem is important for the full benefits of PBL to be realized. Due to educators' own learning in the traditional education curriculum, most educators tend to craft problem based on their subject expertise. This violates the multi-disciplinary richness that PBL advocates. Being able to craft good problem becomes a critical skill for educators in PBL.

This paper aims to describe the role of effective problem for reaping the full benefits of Authentic PBL and to posit the principles of designing effective problem.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: No evidence of copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Learning and Teaching Support Unit
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Learning and Teaching Support Unit
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2009 03:02
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2013 02:54
Uncontrolled Keywords: problem-based learning; design problems; marketing education
Fields of Research (2008): 13 Education > 1301 Education Systems > 130103 Higher Education
13 Education > 1303 Specialist Studies in Education > 130309 Learning Sciences
13 Education > 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy > 130203 Economics, Business and Management Curriculum and Pedagogy
Fields of Research (2020): 39 EDUCATION > 3903 Education systems > 390303 Higher education
39 EDUCATION > 3904 Specialist studies in education > 390409 Learning sciences
39 EDUCATION > 3901 Curriculum and pedagogy > 390103 Economics, business and management curriculum and pedagogy
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970113 Expanding Knowledge in Education

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