Socrates’ Heir: Having Student-Led Conversations with the Harkness Method - All She Can Be

Bedford, Alison ORCID: and Kann, Emma (2019) Socrates’ Heir: Having Student-Led Conversations with the Harkness Method - All She Can Be. In: HTANSW 2019 Teaching History Symposium, 9 Apr - 10 Apr 2019, Sydney, Australia.


Many teachers adopt the Socratic Method as a model for student conversation, however, at its core this is still teacher-driven, as they provide the questions in order to achieve a pre-determined outcome. This presentation will outline our recent experiences in adopting the Harkness Method, which fosters a more genuine student-driven mode of conversation and provides a strong scaffold for the gradual release of responsibility and decision-making to the students. Our initial experiences have shown that if given full control, students develop not only a deep knowledge of historical content but also refine their ability to engage critically with historical source material. Beyond these discipline-specific skills, they also work collaboratively to reach decisions and make judgements, provide thoughtful feedback to their peers and both lead and participate in conversation. Many of these skills transcend the History classroom and better equip our students as they become active members of our democracy and of the global community, reflecting the 21st century skills of the Australian Curriculum. We see the Harkness method as a valuable addition to our repertoire of learning experiences we can offer our History students.

Statistics for USQ ePrint 50642
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: No
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2022 00:00
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2022 03:37
Uncontrolled Keywords: socratic dialogue, socratic method, harkness, history, inquiry
Fields of Research (2020): 39 EDUCATION > 3903 Education systems > 390306 Secondary education
39 EDUCATION > 3901 Curriculum and pedagogy > 390107 Humanities and social sciences curriculum and pedagogy (excl. economics, business and management)
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 16 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 1601 Learner and learning > 160105 Secondary education
16 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 1603 Teaching and curriculum > 160302 Pedagogy

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only