Exploring Women’s Experiences of Gender-Based Violence and Other Threats to Safety on Public Transport in Bangladesh

King, Julie and King, Mark and Edwards, Nicole and Carroll, Julie-Anne and Watling, Hanna and Anam, Mujibul and Bull, Melissa and Oviedo-Trespalacios, Oscar (2021) Exploring Women’s Experiences of Gender-Based Violence and Other Threats to Safety on Public Transport in Bangladesh. International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 10 (4). pp. 158-173. ISSN 2202-7998

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Abstract

Equal access to safe transport is increasingly conceptualised as a fundamental right for women, with demonstrated effects on health outcomes, social and economic mobility and societal participation. This study analysed qualitative and quantitative data to examine travel patterns and experiences among 200 women (aged between 18-64 years) using paid transport for work or educational purposes in Bangladesh. The results showed that the women faced multiple threats to their safety, including gender-based violence, harassment and crime, and traffic and non-traffic injuries, and that the use of paid transport was associated with high levels of anxiety and fear. Despite these circumstances, the women were captive travellers, forced to make transport choices based on price, availability and ease of travel rather than safety. Unable to choose safe transport, the women attempted to mitigate risks by changing their travel patterns and behaviour and by restricting their travel frequency. These findings are discussed within the context of women's rights and mobility justice.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: File reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher/author.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2022 00:00
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2022 04:22
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mobility justice; women’s rights; public transport; gender-based violence; traffic injury; crime
Fields of Research (2020): 44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4405 Gender studies > 440509 Women's studies (incl. girls' studies)
44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4402 Criminology > 440209 Gender and crime
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 23 LAW, POLITICS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES > 2304 Justice and the law > 230402 Crime prevention
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.5204/ijcjsd.2086
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/50585

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