Socio-economic factors affecting high infant and child mortality rates in selected African countries: does globalisation play any role?

Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7950-1961 and Alam, Khosrul and Khanam, Rasheda ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1130-2357 (2022) Socio-economic factors affecting high infant and child mortality rates in selected African countries: does globalisation play any role? Globalization and Health, 18 (69). pp. 1-13.

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Abstract

Background: Despite the declining trends worldwide, infant and child mortality rates are still high in many African countries. These high rates are problematic; therefore, this study attempts to explore the contributing factors that cause high infant and child mortality rates in 14 African countries using panel data for the period of 2000–2018. In particular, the role globalisation is explored.

Methods: The panel corrected standard error (PCSE), the Feasible generalized least square (FGLS) models, and the pair-wise Granger causality test have been applied as methodological approaches.

Results: The public health expenditure, numbers of physicians, globalization, economic development, education, good governance, and HIV prevalence rate have been revealed as the determinants of infant and child mortality in these countries. All these variables except the HIV prevalence rate negatively affect the infant and child mortality rates, while the HIV prevalence rate is found to be positive. Bidirectional and unidirectional causal relationships between the variables are also attained.

Conclusions: Effective socio-economic policy priority with due consideration of globalization should be emphasized to reduce infant and child mortality rates in these countries.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Business (18 Jan 2021 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Business (18 Jan 2021 -)
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2022 04:34
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2022 04:34
Uncontrolled Keywords: Infant mortality rate, Child mortality rate, Globalization, Panel data, African countries
Fields of Research (2020): 38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380119 Welfare economics
38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380108 Health economics
38 ECONOMICS > 3802 Econometrics > 380204 Panel data analysis
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12992-022-00855-z
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/49474

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