Evacuation versus shelter in place

McLennan, Jim and Bearman, Chris and Ryan, Barbara ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3338-8887 (2022) Evacuation versus shelter in place. In: Routledge Handbook of Environmental Hazards and Society. Routledge Handbooks Online. Routledge, pp. 335-350.

[img] Text (Submitted version)
v30 Apr Evacuation vs shelter-in-place Hbook JM3BR1CB1d.docx

Download (79kB)

Abstract

Evacuation has long been the protective action urged by authorities upon residents threatened by an environmental hazard event. More recently, sheltering in place has been proposed to be more appropriate for particular hazards under some circumstances. In this chapter, we examine evacuation versus shelter-in-place issues in relation to each of eight major weather-related and geophysical hazards. Our starting point is a frequently cited rule of thumb that, in relation to a specific hazard threat, the appropriate protective action response by threatened residents depends on shelter option viability compared with the likely success of evacuation. We clarify use of the terms ‘evacuation’ and ‘shelter’, describe major determinants of the appropriateness of the two protective action options, and summarise the processes involved in effective threat warnings. We discuss evacuation versus shelter-in-place issues in relation to surviving floods, tornadoes, tropical cyclones, wildfires, earthquakes, landslides, tsunamis and volcanic eruptions. We conclude that, in principle, authorities should emphasise the importance of timely evacuation. However, because safe evacuation under imminent threat will not always be possible, authorities should inform residents of the issues involved in sheltering in place safely through consultative engagement with at-risk communities.


Statistics for USQ ePrint 49439
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Book Chapter (Commonwealth Reporting Category B)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Humanities and Communication (1 Mar 2019 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Humanities and Communication (1 Mar 2019 -)
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2022 00:29
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2022 00:38
Uncontrolled Keywords: Natural disaster; environmental hazard; shelter; shelter-in-place; evacuation
Fields of Research (2020): 47 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 4701 Communication and media studies > 470101 Communication studies
52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5299 Other psychology > 529999 Other psychology not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 19 ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY, CLIMATE CHANGE AND NATURAL HAZARDS > 1999 Other environmental policy, climate change and natural hazards > 199999 Other environmental policy, climate change and natural hazards not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780367854584
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/49439

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only