Livelihood Cycle and Vulnerability of Rural Households to Climate Change and Hazards in Bangladesh

Alam, G. M. Monirul (2017) Livelihood Cycle and Vulnerability of Rural Households to Climate Change and Hazards in Bangladesh. Environmental Management, 59 (5). pp. 777-791. ISSN 0364-152X


Abstract

Rural riverine households in Bangladesh are confronted with many climate-driven hazards, including riverbank erosion, which results in loss of productive land and other natural resources of the riverine households, and thus threatens their livelihoods and food security. This study assesses the main drivers of vulnerability and livelihood cycle of vulnerable riparian households in Bangladesh. The study utilises the IPCC framework of vulnerability and develops a weighted approach by employing the livelihood vulnerability index and the climate vulnerability index. The results reveal that the livelihood vulnerability index and the climate vulnerability index differ across locations, however, a high index value for both measures indicates the households’ high livelihood vulnerability to climate change and hazards. The main drivers that influence the vulnerability dimensions are livelihood strategies and access to food, water and health facilities. These hazard-prone households are also vulnerable due to their existing low livelihood status that leads to a vicious cycle of poverty. The findings of this study are crucial for policymakers to formulate and implement effective strategies and programs to minimise vulnerability and to enhance the local adaptation processes in order to improve such households’ livelihood across Bangladesh.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce (1 Jul 2013 - 17 Jan 2021)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce (1 Jul 2013 - 17 Jan 2021)
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2022 22:41
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2022 23:49
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bangladesh, Vulnerability, Adaptation, Climate change, Riverbank erosion, Rural households
Fields of Research (2008): 04 Earth Sciences > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040104 Climate Change Processes
14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140205 Environment and Resource Economics
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management
Fields of Research (2020): 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410404 Environmental management
37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3702 Climate change science > 370201 Climate change processes
38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380105 Environment and resource economics
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-017-0826-3
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/49383

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