Pondering Hierarchy of Oppressions in Australia: The Case of Refugees and Their Mode of Arrival

Ramos, Fabiane ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0690-1681 (2019) Pondering Hierarchy of Oppressions in Australia: The Case of Refugees and Their Mode of Arrival. Journal of the European Association for Studies of Australia, 10 (1). pp. 28-39.


Abstract

This paper is inspired by a conversation about the differences in treatment of refugees in Australia depending on their mode of arrival. The circumstances for seeking asylum are similar—displacement, forced migration, fight/fleeing for survival, hope for a better future in Australia. Yet the mode of arrival is different: plane versus boat. The mode of ‘entry’ is different: officially invited to enter the nation with a visa versus no invitation granted. These differences in classification mean that support packages are offered to refugees who arrive in Australia under the Humanitarian Program while refugees who arrive by boat, including children, are automatically confined in detention centres for undetermined and often prolonged periods of time. This paper reflects on why there is such a distinction considering the rationale for seeking asylum is the same in both cases. It questions what logic underpins this distinction and what this means in terms of Australian nationhood. In addition, it seeks to open up conversations about these questions while drawing links between the oppressions endured by refugees, under the Humanitarian Program and boat arrivals, to those of Indigenous Australians. As these links are made, the paper draws on the concept of coloniality to argue that despite differences in conceptualization and treatment, the same colonial ‘gatekeeper of the nation’ logic applies to the three groups.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2022 23:43
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2022 05:26
Uncontrolled Keywords: refugees; Indigenous Australians; coloniality; colonialism; hierarchy; mode of arrival
Fields of Research (2008): 20 Language, Communication and Culture > 2002 Cultural Studies > 200208 Migrant Cultural Studies
20 Language, Communication and Culture > 2002 Cultural Studies > 200211 Postcolonial Studies
Fields of Research (2020): 47 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 4702 Cultural studies > 470213 Postcolonial studies
47 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 4702 Cultural studies > 470211 Migrant cultural studies
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 13 CULTURE AND SOCIETY > 1399 Other culture and society > 139999 Other culture and society not elsewhere classified
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/49254

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