Light-Harvesting Self-Powered Monolithic-Structure Temperature Sensing Based on 3C-SiC/Si Heterostructure

Nguyen, Thanh ORCID: and Dinh, Toan ORCID: and Bell, John and Nguyen, Nam-Trung and Dao, Viet Dzung (2022) Light-Harvesting Self-Powered Monolithic-Structure Temperature Sensing Based on 3C-SiC/Si Heterostructure. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 14. pp. 22593-22600. ISSN 1944-8244


Utilizing harvesting energy to power sensors has been becoming more critical in the current age of the Internet of Things. In this paper, we propose a novel technology using a monolithic 3C-SiC/Si heterostructure to harvest photon energy to power itself and simultaneously sense the surrounding temperature. The 3C-SiC/Si heterostructure converts photon energy into electrical energy, which is manifested as a lateral photovoltage across the top material layer of the heterostructure. Simultaneously, the lateral photovoltage varies with the surrounding temperature, and this photovoltage variation with temperature is used to monitor the temperature. We characterized the thermoresistive properties of the 3C-SiC/Si heterostructure, evaluated its energy conversion, and investigated its performance as a light-harvesting self-powered temperature sensor. The resistance of the heterostructure gradually drops with increasing temperature with a temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR) ranging from more than −3500 to approximately −8200 ppm/K. The generated lateral photovoltage is as high as 58.8 mV under 12 700 lx light illumination at 25 °C. The sensitivity of the sensor in the self-power mode is as high as 360 μV·K–1 and 330 μV·K–1 under illumination of 12 700 lx and 7400 lx lights, respectively. The sensor harvests photon energy to power itself and measure temperatures as high as 300 °C, which is impressive for semiconductor-based sensor. The proposed technology opens new avenues for energy harvesting self-powered temperature sensors.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current – Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Engineering (1 Jan 2022 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2022 23:14
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2022 01:23
Uncontrolled Keywords: lateral photovoltaic effect; light harvesting; monolithic structure; self-powered sensor; silicon carbide; temperature sensors
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4017 Mechanical engineering > 401705 Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280110 Expanding knowledge in engineering
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