Economic and Environmental Impact of Energy Saving in Healthcare Buildings

Garcia-Sanz-Calcedo, Justo and Al-Kassir, Awf and Yusaf, Talal (2018) Economic and Environmental Impact of Energy Saving in Healthcare Buildings. Applied Sciences, 8 (3):440. pp. 1-13.

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Abstract

The purpose of this article is to estimate the economic and environmental impacts of energy consumption derived from healthcare buildings and proposes several energy-saving options in the sector. An experimental energy consumption study was development between 2005 and 2013 in 12 hospitals and 70 healthcare centres in Spain, built between 1980 and 2005 through audits carried out between 2005 and 2012, performed by the Extremadura Energy Agency. The study focused on electric energy, HVAC, DWH, lighting systems, renewable energies, maintenance strategy, thermal insulation, and optimal building size. Specifically, the following parameters were evaluated: energy savings, investment emission of CO2, NO2, and SO2 gases, and payback. The results revealed that through an appropriate energy management of healthcare buildings it is possible to save up to 8.60 kWh/m2 per year, for buildings of less than 5000 m2 (with no beds), which represents an expense of 1.55 €/m2. In healthcare buildings larger than 5000 m2 (with beds), it was possible to save up to 6.88 kWh/m2 per year, which represents an expense of 1.25 €/m2.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying (1 Jul 2013 - 31 Dec 2021)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying (1 Jul 2013 - 31 Dec 2021)
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2022 23:34
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2022 03:40
Uncontrolled Keywords: energy saving; energy efficiency; healthcare engineering; healthcare building
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0906 Electrical and Electronic Engineering > 090607 Power and Energy Systems Engineering (excl. Renewable Power)
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4008 Electrical engineering > 400804 Electrical energy storage
40 ENGINEERING > 4008 Electrical engineering > 400803 Electrical energy generation (incl. renewables, excl. photovoltaics)
40 ENGINEERING > 4008 Electrical engineering > 400805 Electrical energy transmission, networks and systems
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/app8030440
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/49094

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