Ailanthus altissima (tree of heaven) seed oil: Characterisation and optimisation of ultrasonication-assisted biodiesel production

Hoseini, S. S. and Najafi, G. and Ghobadian, B. and Mamat, R. and Ebadi, M. T. and Yusaf, Talal (2018) Ailanthus altissima (tree of heaven) seed oil: Characterisation and optimisation of ultrasonication-assisted biodiesel production. Fuel, 220. pp. 621-630. ISSN 0016-2361


Abstract

The non-edible oil from Ailanthus altissima (tree of heaven) seeds has potential as a novel feedstock for biodiesel production in Iran. In this study, Ailanthus altissima seed oil (AAO) has been investigated as a novel feedstock for biodiesel production. Ripe Ailanthus altissima seeds were collected from the Tarbiat Modares University campus and, after drying, their oil was extracted using a Soxhlet extraction system. The maximum oil content of the seeds was found to be ∼38%. The physical and chemical characteristics of the AAO were investigated. Biodiesel was prepared using an ultrasonic setup. In order to obtain the highest yield of biodiesel, the production process was optimised using a response surface methodology (RSM) model. Reaction parameters such as the molar ratio of methanol to oil, reaction time, and catalyst loading were studied. The biodiesel yield was 92.26% under the optimised conditions, i.e., a methanol-to-oil molar ratio of 8.50:1, a catalyst loading of 1.01 wt%, and a reaction time of 4.71 min. The biodiesel prepared from Ailanthus altissima oil complies with the criteria dictated by ASTM D6751 standards. Thus, this seed oil can be introduced as a new feedstock for biodiesel production in Iran.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (1 Jul 2013 - 31 Dec 2021)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (1 Jul 2013 - 31 Dec 2021)
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2022 23:28
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2022 01:00
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ailanthus altissima oil, Biodiesel, Ultrasonic, Response surface methodology
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0902 Automotive Engineering > 090201 Automotive Combustion and Fuel Engineering (incl. Alternative/Renewable Fuels)
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4002 Automotive engineering > 400201 Automotive combustion and fuel engineering
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2018.01.094
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/49092

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