The effect of rare earth element doping on thermoelectric properties of GeTe

Lyu, Wan-Yu and Liu, Wei-Di and Li, Meng and Hong, Min ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6469-9194 and Guo, Kai and Luo, Jun and Xing, Juanjuan and Sun, Qiang and Xu, Shengduo and Zou, Jin and Chen, Zhi-Gang ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9309-7993 (2022) The effect of rare earth element doping on thermoelectric properties of GeTe. Chemical Engineering Journal, 446 (Part 1):137278. pp. 1-6. ISSN 1385-8947


Abstract

GeTe has attracted extensive attention due to high thermoelectric performance. Herein, we comprehensively investigate the effect of rare earth element (Eu, Gd, Er and Tm) substitutions at Ge site of GeTe on its thermoelectric performance. It is found that the substitution limit of Eu, Gd, Er and Tm at Ge site of GeTe increases from 0.8 to 1.8 mol.% with increasing atomic number. The local magnetic moment arising from the substituted rare earth element enhances the Seebeck coefficient and in turn results in enhanced power factor at the entire measurement temperature range (from 303 to 723 K). Additionally, the increasing substitution limit with increasing atomic number of rare earth element strengthens the mass and strain-field fluctuations, which contributes to strengthened phonon scattering, and leads to reduced lattice thermal conductivity. The simultaneously enhanced power factor and reduced lattice thermal conductivity enhances the dimensionless figure of merit at the entire measurement temperature range, and correspondingly enhances the average dimensionless figure of merit from 0.38 of GeTe to 0.63 of Ge0.98Er0.02Te. This work indicates rare earth element can be used an effective dopant in GeTe to improve the thermoelectric properties.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2022 03:49
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2022 03:49
Uncontrolled Keywords: GeTe; Lattice thermal conductivity; Rare earth elements; zT
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401699 Materials engineering not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2022.137278
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/49045

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