‘Cost, culture and circumstances’: Barriers and enablers of health behaviours in South Asian immigrants of Australia

Nisar, Mehwish and Khan, Asaduzzaman and Kolbe-Alexander, Tracy L. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5025-3204 (2022) ‘Cost, culture and circumstances’: Barriers and enablers of health behaviours in South Asian immigrants of Australia. Health and Social Care in the Community. pp. 1-12. ISSN 0966-0410

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Abstract

The health behaviours related to chronic diseases experienced by South Asian immigrants are interrelated with their culture and socioeconomic conditions. South Asian immigrants experience a disproportionate burden of chronic disease compared with non-immigrants Australian-born general population. The primary aim of this study was to gain an in-depth understanding of health behaviours and healthcare access in the South Asian immigrant population of Australia. Five focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted with South Asian immigrants (n = 29; 18 females) aged 27–50 years in Brisbane, Australia. Separate FGDs were conducted for males and females in the English language. Semi-structured guided questions related to the perception, barriers and facilitators of health behaviours. Data were analysed with Nvivo-12 following a thematic analysis. A conceptual model is proposed to provide a summarised understanding of barriers and facilitators of health behaviours in South Asian immigrants. The major reported constraints for participating in physical activity were cultural beliefs, lack of time, work stress and high fees of fitness activities, while parks and peer modelling were mentioned as a strong motivator for walking, cycling and participating in group sports activities. The cultural and religious connections, cost of cigarettes and drink driving penalties were the most mentioned facilitators for a healthy lifestyle. The important factors related to unhealthy eating habits were the traditional cooking methods, social interactions and the high cost of fruits and vegetables. Community perceptions and language barriers were also acknowledged as the main factors for the decrease in accessing health care services. This study illustrates that cultural beliefs, high cost of healthy food and facilities and social circumstances are mainly linked with the health behaviours and healthcare access in South Asian immigrant's lifestyles.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current – Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Health and Medical Sciences (1 Jan 2022 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current – Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Health and Medical Sciences (1 Jan 2022 -)
Date Deposited: 29 May 2022 22:46
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2022 01:42
Uncontrolled Keywords: Australia; health behaviours; healthcare access; immigrants; South Asians
Fields of Research (2020): 44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4410 Sociology > 441008 Sociology of culture
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420699 Public health not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 20 HEALTH > 2004 Public health (excl. specific population health) > 200401 Behaviour and health
20 HEALTH > 2005 Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health) > 200503 Health related to specific ethnic groups
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/hsc.13759
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/48641

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