Enhanced hydrogen generation behaviors and hydrolysis thermodynamics of as-cast Mg-Ni-Ce magnesium-rich alloys in simulate seawater

Hou, Xiaojiang and Wang, Yi and Yang, Yanling and Hu, Rui and Yang, Guang and Feng, Lei and Suo, Guoquan and Ye, Xiaohui and Zhang, Li and Shi, Hongchang and Yang, Lu and Chen, Zhi-Gang ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9309-7993 (2019) Enhanced hydrogen generation behaviors and hydrolysis thermodynamics of as-cast Mg-Ni-Ce magnesium-rich alloys in simulate seawater. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 44 (44). pp. 24086-24097. ISSN 0360-3199


Abstract

In this study, we developed as-cast (Mg10Ni)1-xCex (x = 0, 5, 10, 15 wt%) ternary alloys by using a flux protection melting method and investigated their hydrolysis hydrogen generation behaviour in simulate seawater. The phase compositions and microstructures of as-cast (Mg10Ni)1-xCex ternary alloys are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) equipped with electron energy dispersion spectrum (EDS) and transition electron microscope (TEM). Their kinetics, thermodynamics, rate-limiting steps and apparent activation energies are investigated by fitting the hydrogen generation curves at different temperatures. With increasing Ce content, the (Mg10Ni)1-xCex ternary alloys show increased electrochemical activities and decreased eutectic. When 10 wt% and 15 wt% Ce added, the active intermediate phase of Mg12Ce has been observed. The hydrogen generation capacity of (Mg10Ni)95Ce5 is as high as 887 mLg−1 with a hydrolysis conversion yield of 92%, which is higher than that of Mg10Ni alloys (678 mLg−1) with a yield only 75% at 291 K. The initial hydrolysis reaction kinetics of Mg–Ni–Ce alloys is mainly controlled by the electrochemical activity and the mass transfer channels formed in the alloys. Such a structure-property relationship will provide a possible strategy to prepare Mg-based alloys with high hydrogen conversion yield and controlled hydrolysis kinetics/thermodynamics.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Date Deposited: 24 May 2022 03:14
Last Modified: 31 May 2022 03:08
Uncontrolled Keywords: hydrogen generation; Mg alloys; microstructure; kinetics; thermodynamics; hydrolysis mechanism
Fields of Research (2008): 10 Technology > 1007 Nanotechnology > 100708 Nanomaterials
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091203 Compound Semiconductors
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091205 Functional Materials
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401603 Compound semiconductors
40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401605 Functional materials
34 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 3403 Macromolecular and materials chemistry > 340301 Inorganic materials (incl. nanomaterials)
40 ENGINEERING > 4018 Nanotechnology > 401807 Nanomaterials
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.07.148
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/48502

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