Prevalence of acute respiratory infections among children in India: Regional inequalities and risk factors

Hasan, Md Masud and Saha, Kamal Kumar and Yunus, Rossita Mohamad and Alam, Khorshed ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2232-0745 (2022) Prevalence of acute respiratory infections among children in India: Regional inequalities and risk factors. Maternal and Child Health Journal. pp. 1-9. ISSN 1092-7875

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Abstract

Aim: The high incidence of acute respiratory infection (ARI)-related morbidity and mortality is a major public health concern in developing countries. This study aimed to quantify regional inequalities and the degree of association between childhood ARI and background factors. Methods: This study utilised information of 238 945 children aged below five years extracted from the Fourth Indian National Family Health Survey conducted in 2015–16. Inter-state and regional inequality in the prevalence of ARI were quantified and presented using a map of India and forest plot. The association of background characteristics and ARI was quantified using bivariate and multivariable binary logistic regression models. Results: Significant inequalities in the prevalence of childhood ARI were observed across the six regions of India. Considering the children from north-east region as a reference, those from north, central and east regions were 0.68, 1.02 and 0.57 times more likely to suffer from ARI. Comorbidity, sex, age and nutritional status of children were significantly associated with the prevalence of ARI. Conclusions: ARI remains a significant public health concern among Indian children. The results of this study showed that significant regional disparities in the prevalence of ARI exist in India. This study adds value to the better understanding of inequality patterns and quantifies within- and intra-region inequalities in the prevalence of ARI in India.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Business (18 Jan 2021 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Business (18 Jan 2021 -)
Date Deposited: 05 May 2022 04:28
Last Modified: 05 May 2022 04:28
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acute respiratory infection; India; Risk factors; Regional inequalities
Fields of Research (2020): 33 BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN > 3304 Urban and regional planning > 330406 Regional analysis and development
32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3213 Paediatrics > 321302 Infant and child health
38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380108 Health economics
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 20 HEALTH > 2002 Evaluation of health and support services > 200201 Determinants of health
20 HEALTH > 2005 Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health) > 200506 Neonatal and child health
20 HEALTH > 2002 Evaluation of health and support services > 200204 Health inequalities
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10995-022-03424-3
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/48126

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