Association of dietary risks, behavioural and lifestyle factors, and the magnitude of disability burden among Australian cancer patients: An observational epidemiology study

Mahumud, Rashidul Alam ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9788-1868 and Sultana, Marufa and Gow, Jeff ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5726-298X and Rahman, Md. Ashfikur and Uddin, Khandakar Farid and Kamal, Mostafa and Alam, Khorshed ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2232-0745 and Dawson, Angela and Law, Chi Kin (2022) Association of dietary risks, behavioural and lifestyle factors, and the magnitude of disability burden among Australian cancer patients: An observational epidemiology study. Cancer Epidemiology, 78:102161. pp. 1-9. ISSN 1877-7821


Abstract

Background: Cancer patients are confronted with a variety of other health-related issues, including physical disability, poor quality of life, and psychological challenges. This study aims to quantify the association of dietary, behavioural and lifestyle risk factors and comorbidities on the magnitude and distribution of disability burden among cancer patients in Australia. Methods: This study comprised a sample of 2283 cancer patients drawn from the latest nationwide Australian National Health Survey conducted in 2017–18. Negative binomial regression models were used to estimate the incidence rate ratio (IRR) of the number of disabilities and its associations. Results: Forty-five percent of cancer patients experienced at least one disability. The magnitude of disability was significantly associated with sugar-sweetened drink consumption ≥ 3 days per week (IRR= 1.12, 95% CI: 1.02–1.26), a lack of physical activity (IRR = 1.69, 1.38–2.07), frequent or regular alcohol consumption (IRR = 1.95, 1.84–2.08), poor health status (IRR = 1.99, 1.78–2.24) and the presence of five or more chronic comorbid conditions (IRR = 3.59, 2.90–4.46). Cancer patients who consumed vegetables at least two or more times per day had a 10% lower risk of disability burden (IRR = 0.90, 0.82–0.99). Conclusions: This study shows the association of diet, behavioural, and lifestyle risk factors on the degree of disability burden among cancer patients, highlighting the need for bold and effective policies. The findings will inform the implementation of evidence-based lifestyle interventions and offer a foundation for evaluating their influence on cancer survivors’ health.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health Research (1 Apr 2020 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health Research (1 Apr 2020 -)
Date Deposited: 05 May 2022 04:18
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2022 05:21
Uncontrolled Keywords: Australia; Cancer survivors; Dietary risks; Disability; Lifestyle factors
Fields of Research (2020): 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420603 Health promotion
38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380108 Health economics
38 ECONOMICS > 3802 Econometrics > 380201 Cross-sectional analysis
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 20 HEALTH > 2004 Public health (excl. specific population health) > 200499 Public health (excl. specific population health) not elsewhere classified
20 HEALTH > 2002 Evaluation of health and support services > 200201 Determinants of health
15 ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK > 1505 Microeconomics > 150509 Preference, behaviour and welfare
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.canep.2022.102161
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/48125

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