Nexus between maternal underweight and child anthropometric status in South and South-East Asian countries

Haque, Rezwanul and Alam, Khorshed ORCID: and Rahman, Syed Mahbubur and Mustafa, Maimun Ur Rashid and Ahammed, Benojir and Ahmad, Kabir ORCID: and Hashmi, Rubayyat ORCID: and Wubishet, Befikadu Legesse and Keramat, Syed Afroz (2022) Nexus between maternal underweight and child anthropometric status in South and South-East Asian countries. Nutrition, 98:111628. pp. 1-8. ISSN 0899-9007


Objectives: Maternal underweight and childhood malnutrition are life-threatening public health concerns in several South and South-East Asian nations. The aim of this study was to better design interventions and prevent malnutrition of children in the region by exploring the association of maternal underweight with children's anthropometric status. Methods: The Demographic and Health Survey's (DHS) most recent nationally representative data from eight South and South-East Asian states, collected between 2014 and 2018, were pooled for the present study. A multivariable logistic regression model was designed to explore the association between maternal underweight and child anthropometric status. Owing to the hierarchical structure of the DHS data, the study also employed the multilevel logistic regression technique. Results: Among the total participants (N = 213 730), 22.66% of women were found to be underweight, whereas 39.03%, 35.88%, and 22.11% of their children had stunting, underweight, and wasting, respectively. The logistic regression model showed that the children from underweight mothers were 1.27 (95% confidence interval [CI]. 1.24–1.30), 1.69 (95% CI, 1.65–1.73), and 1.48 (95% CI, 1.45–1.52) times more likely to experience stunting, underweight, and wasting, respectively, than those with healthy-weight mothers. The significant association between maternal underweight and stunting, underweight, as well as wasting was additionally established by the multilevel logistic regression analysis. Conclusions: Findings indicate that maternal underweight is positively associated with children's anthropometric status, such as stunting, underweight, and wasting. The information from this research will guide actors and policymakers to scale up interventions with all-inclusive nutritional issues and promote healthier weight status among mothers to ensure higher odds of healthier anthropometric status in their children in the South and South-East Asian countries.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Business (18 Jan 2021 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health Research (1 Apr 2020 -)
Date Deposited: 04 May 2022 23:33
Last Modified: 04 May 2022 23:33
Uncontrolled Keywords: Children anthropometric status; Maternal underweight; Stunting; Undernutrition; Wasting
Fields of Research (2020): 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3210 Nutrition and dietetics > 321005 Public health nutrition
38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380108 Health economics
38 ECONOMICS > 3802 Econometrics > 380201 Cross-sectional analysis
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 20 HEALTH > 2002 Evaluation of health and support services > 200201 Determinants of health
20 HEALTH > 2004 Public health (excl. specific population health) > 200499 Public health (excl. specific population health) not elsewhere classified
28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280112 Expanding knowledge in the health sciences
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