Do family and maternal background matter? A multilevel approach to modelling mental health status of Australian youth using longitudinal data

Hashmi, Rubayyat ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5953-0650 and Alam, Khorshed ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2232-0745 and Gow, Jeff ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5726-298X and March, Sonja ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8425-7126 (2022) Do family and maternal background matter? A multilevel approach to modelling mental health status of Australian youth using longitudinal data. PLoS One, 17 (4):e0267191. pp. 1-14.

[img]
Preview
Text (Published Version)
journal.pone.0267191.pdf
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.

Download (901kB) | Preview

Abstract

Purpose: Most previous research place great importance on the influence of family and maternal background on child and adolescents’ mental health. However, age of onset studies indicates that the majority of the mental health disease prevalence occurs during the youth years. This study investigates the relationship of family and maternal background, as well as individual circumstance on youth mental health status. Method: Data from 975 participants and 4632 observations of aged cohort 15 to 19 years in the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) longitudinal study were followed for 10 years (2007-2017). Multilevel logistic regression models were used to analyse the impact of youth circumstances on mental health status. Results: The findings suggests that not all dimensions of family and maternal background (especially maternal education) have impacts on youth mental health. We found low household income (AOR: 1.572, 95% CI: 1.017-2.43) and adverse living arrangement (AOR: 1.586, 95% CI: 1.097-2.294) significantly increases mental disorder odds whereas maternal education or occupation fixed effects were not significant. Individual level circumstances have much stronger impact on youth mental health. We found financial shock (AOR: 1.412, 95% CI: 1.277-1.561), life event shock (AOR: 1.157, 95% CI: 1.01-1.326), long term health conditions (AOR: 2.855, 95% CI: 2.042-3.99), smoking (AOR: 1.676, 95% CI: 1.162-2.416), drinking (AOR: 1.649, 95% CI: 1.286-2.114) and being female (AOR: 2.021, 95% CI: 1.431-2.851) have significant deteriorating effects on youth mental health. Conclusions: Our finding is in contrast to the majority of studies in the literature which give a preeminent role to maternal characteristics in child and youth mental health status. Mental health interventions should consider heterogeneity of adverse youth circumstances and health-related behaviours.


Statistics for USQ ePrint 47857
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Business (18 Jan 2021 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current – Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Psychology and Wellbeing (1 Jan 2022 -)
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2022 23:10
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2022 04:10
Uncontrolled Keywords: Family background; Maternal background; Equity; Mental health; Parental characteristics; Socioeconomic status
Fields of Research (2020): 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5201 Applied and developmental psychology > 520101 Child and adolescent development
32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3213 Paediatrics > 321301 Adolescent health
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 20 HEALTH > 2004 Public health (excl. specific population health) > 200409 Mental health
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0267191
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/47857

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only