Diverse Impact of Sensitive Sub-Categories of Demographic Variables on Safety Climate of High-Rise Building Projects

Zahoor, Hafiz and Khan, Rashid Mehmood and Ali, Babar and Maqsoom, Ahsen and Mazher, Khwaja Mateen and Ullah, Fahim ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6221-1175 (2021) Diverse Impact of Sensitive Sub-Categories of Demographic Variables on Safety Climate of High-Rise Building Projects. Architecture, 2 (1). pp. 175-195.

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Abstract

The identification of significant areas impacting safety performance has always been a key concern for construction management researchers. This paper aims to examine the diversified influence of sensitive sub-categories of demographic variables on construction safety climate (SC). The data relating to fourteen demographic variables and twenty-four formerly validated SC statements were collected from forty-one under-construction high-rise buildings in Pakistan. The variances in respondents’ distribution among various sub-categories of demographic variables, and influence of each sub-category of demographic variables on SC statements were analyzed using cross-tabulation, Spearman’s rho correlation coefficients, independent sample Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests. The study comprehends that the employees in the age group of 20 years or below and between 41 and 50 years, engaged for over 48 h per week, having 4 dependent family members, primary education, and/or lesser working experience, attained a comparatively lower SC level. Likewise, frontline workers and foremen are observed to be employed for extended working hours, causing them fatigue. It also discovers that safety alertness level steadily declines once employees get acquainted with their tasks, thus necessitating to arrange periodic refresher safety training sessions. The study recommends concentrating on frontline workers and foremen who are less educated and fall in the age group of 41–50 years by resolving their safety concerns and providing them adequate safety training, promptly replacing their defective equipment, improving worksite conditions, and counselling them about the significance of wearing PPE and adhering to all the safety rules regardless of the difficulty in their enactment. A joint focus on the heightened personal attributes of employees and risky SC statements is expected to enhance safety performance on under-construction building
projects. Moreover, the study’s results can be cautiously generalized and applied to other countries having similar work environment.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying (1 Jul 2013 - 31 Dec 2021)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying (1 Jul 2013 - 31 Dec 2021)
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2022 03:51
Last Modified: 31 May 2022 00:54
Uncontrolled Keywords: demographic variable; safety climate; high-rise building; construction industry
Fields of Research (2020): 33 BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN > 3302 Building > 330202 Building construction management and project planning
33 BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN > 3399 Other built environment and design > 339999 Other built environment and design not elsewhere classified
33 BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN > 3303 Design > 330308 Fire safety design
33 BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN > 3301 Architecture > 330105 Architectural science and technology
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/architecture2010010
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/47645

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