Quest-based learning and motivation in an EFL context

Philpott, Andrew and Son, Jeong-Bae ORCID: (2022) Quest-based learning and motivation in an EFL context. Computer Assisted Language Learning. pp. 1-28. ISSN 0958-8221


The study reported in this article investigated the use of quest-based learning (QBL) in a gamified English as a foreign language (EFL) course at a Japanese university. A mixed methods research design was utilised to explore the effect purposely designed quests can have on EFL students’ foreign language (FL) motivation. The study was conducted over a 14-week period with four intact classes of participants (N = 89). The results of the study showed overwhelmingly positive opinions and perceptions towards QBL and provided evidence that QBL can increase intrinsic FL motivation while supporting FL learning. They suggest that the QBL supported intrinsic motivation because they were enjoyable, meaningful, suitably challenging, supported autonomy through quest choice, and interpersonally meaningful. The positive results were attributed to the quest design that leveraged specific aspects of multiple motivation theories (e.g., Self-determination theory, positive psychology). Three aspects that could hinder intrinsic motivation were also identified: (1) difficulty of the quests; (2) time required to complete the quests; and (3) quest choice allowing the participants to avoid certain quests.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Education (1 Jul 2019 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Education (1 Jul 2019 -)
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2022 23:22
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2022 23:22
Uncontrolled Keywords: Quest; Quest-based learning; gamification; motivation; EFL
Fields of Research (2020): 39 EDUCATION > 3904 Specialist studies in education > 390405 Educational technology and computing
47 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 4704 Linguistics > 470401 Applied linguistics and educational linguistics
39 EDUCATION > 3901 Curriculum and pedagogy > 390108 LOTE, ESL and TESOL curriculum and pedagogy
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 16 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 1601 Learner and learning > 160102 Higher education
16 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 1603 Teaching and curriculum > 160304 Teaching and instruction technologies
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